Welcome to the Formulary

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Compendium of Herbs & Herbal preparations

This is the Online WorldHerbs® Formulary (and also my "thesis" for my doctoral work in Naturopathic Medicine). This has been an ongoing lesson herbal lore that has been in the works for over 10 years. This site is FREE for private/ commercial research. Contact us if you would like to use any content for use other than printing sections to show your physician. I´ve included herbs found in American, American Indian, Ayurvedic/ Indian, Asian, TCM, African, Australian / New Zealand native medicinals, Pan Asian, German Commission E recommendations & advisories; & all other countries´ /cultures´ formulae. If I´ve missed any, if there are other names that you know these herbs by; in ANY language; or you know of one or another that I should address. Please please email the herbalist.

Herbs are used to aid in the healing of wounds, illness; they serve as a preventative to sickness as well as to maintain human & animal well being. More herbs are added every few weeks. Come back & visit us. Definitions can also be found at ebay on our storefront to explain the various ingredients in the products.

Herbs tend to fall into categories which describe general attributes. I will try to keep these general attributes close to the front of each definition. Note The herbs themselves may treat something in exact opposite of their general category...such as a Stimulant that is also a Nervine due to its Diuretic nature.

Be advised that if an herb is normalized to Africa; the listing will mention that. If it is an herb found in certain "old fashioned" country names; I will put what I knew to be their names when I initially found the herb...However in today´s rapidly changing political scene; you may have to be somewhat forgiving about the place names.

Chinese Herbs (Asian): Will include the Chinese/Asian names plus our latin name plus where & what it benefits -No Asian Herbs should be taken without the advice of either a registered TCM or Asian Herbal Pharmacist´s advice. These herbs treat the whole body in a completely different medical mindset. See TCM for more details on this truely Alternate Therapy.

» There are many references to "TCM" which is an abreviation for "Traditional Chinese Medicine".


[ Anti-biotic ]   [ Anti-Inflam. ]   [ Astringent ]   [ Calmnative ]   [ Digestif ]   [ Diuretic ]   [ Energizer ]   [ Expectorant ]   [ Nervine ]   [ Tonic ]   [ TCM ]

Herbs Listing for - Anti-Inflammatory - page 2 of 4
Other Names: Passerina, Adder's Mouth, , Stellaria media Region: European
Description: The whole herb is used. Other alternative names: Stellaire (French), Indian Chickweed, star Chickweed, starwort, starweed, Augentrosgräs (German), satin flower, stitchwort, tongue grass, winterweed, Alsine media (Linnaeus) Blood, liver, lungs, bladder. Helps maintain a youthful appearance with skin, helps to dissolve plaque in system as well as fatty tumors. Poultices of leaves will reduce abscesses, ulcers & inflammation. High concentrations of flavonoids and vitamins are likely responsible for the beneficial effects. Contains vitamin C, flavonoids, triterpenoid saponins, carboxylic acids, and coumarins. Rich in Vitamin C, iron & zinc. High in calcium, phosphorus, potassium and silicon.
Uses: Tea, Tincture, Extract, Standardized Extract. As a salve, chickweed sooths and can heal painful inflamed sores, and reduces inflammation in body. Chickweed helps to restore health in Tonic or tea format, helps to reduce fevers and upper respiratory malfunctions such as pneumonia, Other Uses: Chickweed can aid in treating insect bites and stings, Its purification & detoxification of the liver and kidneys reduces eczema, impetigo, skin burns and ulcerated sores, hemorrhoids, tumors, cancer, infections of the eye and helps to heal wounds of all types Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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Other Names: Kotambri-breeja, Hu Sui, Coriandrum sativum Region: WorldWideHerb
Description: Leaves used. Additional Alternative Names: Chinese Parsley, Coriander, Coriander cultive, Kusbara, Dhanyaka, Dhana, Gemeiner coriander, Dhane, Dhano, Haveeja, Kishniz, Dhanyak, Dhania, Koriyun, Kothimbir, Nau-nau Kotimiri, Kustumbari, Kottamalli, Kushniz Kottampalari, Kottumbari, Kottmir. Cilantro is found in many Peruvian dishes, and is still used as a bitter herb in Passover, a tradition passed down from the ancient Hebrews. Hippocrates, among other ancient physicians concocted medicines with Cilantro. The Romans included it in vinegars used to preserve meat. Pliny named it after a bedbug that emits an aroma similar to the herb. There are references from 16th century literature of using Cilantro seed in bread for treatment of Saint Anthony's Fire, or impetigo. Coriander gained a reputation as an aphrodisiac in the tale The Thousand and One Arabian Nights. Today it is primarily used as a flavoring in liquors and foul-tasting medicines. Active compounds: Volatile oil contains borneol, coriandrol, camphor, p-cymene, geraniol, limonene, and alpha-pinenes; trans-tridec-2-enale is responsible for the distinctive aroma. The main fixed oils are linolenic acid, petroselic acid, and oleic acid. Other components include the hydroxycoumarins scopoletine and umbelliferone.
Uses: Leaves in tea or mixed with food act as a Digestive. Appetite Stimulant. Reduces stomach spasm. Used for treatment of windy colic, a condition in horses and livestock. Chewing the seeds or drinking infusions made from seeds may sooth stomach disorders and aid digestion. This application is also credited with freshening breath. Cilantro promotes gastric secretions and stimulates appetite. It can be added to perfumes as a fragrance, and medicines to improve flavor. Other uses for Cilantro are as: a genital deoderant, for bladder disorders, coughs, headaches, diuretic, tonic, relief of rash and rheumatism. Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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Cockebur, Siberian
Other Names: Cang Er, Xanthium sibiricum Region:
Description: TCM medicinal herb. Treats headache & dispels wind & dampness. External use recommended. Reduces pain in legs/arms, reduces pain from sciatica, ezcema & most itching.
Uses: tea pills, in a tea form or in a soup form. Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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Devil's Claw
Other Names: Devil’s Walking Stick, , Harpagophytum procumbens Region: Amer_Indian
Description: Root used. Liver, stomach, joints, Used as a blood cleanser it reduces effects of Lupus, rhematoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis. Cleanses vascular walls. Rich in iron & magnesium. Related to American Ginseng, the plant has been used as a traditional medicine by Native Americans for a wide variety of ailments and ritual ceremonies because it was thought to have “magical” powers and “protective charm.” The roots and bark have been used for indigestion, stomach pains, bowel cramps, rheumatism, sores, swellings, and as a tonic and blood purifier. In Germany, devil’s claw is prescribed as an appetite stimulant and aid for stomachache pain. It’s also used to treat disorders that cause the musculoskeletal system to degenerate. You may also find that it works for you to help treat tendonitis and lower back pain. Many people also use devil’s claw to treat allergies, headache, and even blood disorders. Externally, you can use devil’s claw to treat problems such as skin irritations, boils, and ulcers.
Uses: Devil’s claw grows in a small area of southern Africa. There it’s been used for years to treat pain, digestive problems, headaches, and fever. At one time, devil’s claw was used to make skin ointments that were used to treat sores, ulcers, and other skin irritations. In modern days, devil’s claw is used throughout the world. It’s grown popular as a treatment for arthritis and rheumatism. You may also want to take it as a tonic to improve your overall health. Make sure you follow the manufacturer’s directions to take the correct dosage. You should also make sure that devil’s claw doesn’t interact with any medications you are taking – especially if you’re diabetic. In addition, pregnant women shouldn’t take devil’s claw. While it has a scary name and it’s not the most beautiful plant to look at, devil’s claw is actually a very kind herb indeed. It has many uses that may make it one of the most important herbs you encounter. Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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Dong Quai
Other Names: Dang Gui, Dong-quei, tang-kuei, Angelica polymorpha sinesis Region: Asian
Description: Angelica is one of the most important TCM Asian medicinal herbs. Thick Root used to lower blood pressure, strengthen the heart. Also found in diabetic herbal teas to help blood sugar levels. It is anti-bacterial, analgesic & anti-Inflammatory. Women- Helps the Uterus, blood, muscles, useful for all female problems. Men- use it for migraine headaches, liver problems heart palpitations, high blood pressure, hypoglycemia, chronic bronchitus. Increases blood flow through heart muscles. Treatment for cyrrhosis & jaundice of liver, hepatitis, shingles & other organ/nerve ailments. Rich in Vitamin E & Iron. Moderate Vitamins A, C, B12, magnesium, potassium & niacin.
Uses: Antispasmodic/Expectorant/Stimulant/Tonic Dong Quai is primarily used for women's health issues and heart health. Women's Health: Dong Quai relieves unusual period symptoms such as pain and anemia. It also relieves menopausal hot flashes. It can help to regulate menstruation and relieve vaginal spasms. Blood: Dong Quai can be used to dissolve blood clots and thin the blood. Skin: Dong Quai can be used to treat psoriasis. Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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Other Names: Hexepetala, Filipendula vulgaris Region: European
Description: According to Culpeper, the root powder in white wine is a good remedy for kidney afflictions. Dyers can use a copper mordant to derive a black dye from the roots, and the flowers and leaves can be dried to use in potpourris. Root powdered in white wine may be good for kidney and respiratory infections.
Uses: Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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Echinacea Augustafolia
Other Names: Black Sampson, Coneflower, Echinacea augustofolia, var pu Region: American
Description: American superfood & herb. Flowers, herb & root used. Antibiotic, lymph system, blood purifier, immune system, wound healer. High in iron, selenium, zinc. Medium in magnesium, potassium, niacin, Vitamin C. Echinacea has its origin in North America. Echinacea is taken as an antibiotic to fight off infection and allergies. It has long been used in Native American medicine. For example, it was used to treat snakebites and other wounds. It was also once used to treat syphilis. In the 1930's German scientists began to research its properties in the laboratory. It is now widely used to treat a multitude of conditions.
Uses: Antibiotic/Anti-inflammatory/Antiallergenic Echinacea has a wide range of uses for health and healing. It is primarily known as an antibiotic. Infections: Echinacea can be used to treat bacterial infections. It is particularly good for chronic infections. It's also used to prevent viral infections such as cold and flu. Allergies: Echinacea may be taken to reduce the symptoms brought on by allergies. It is also helpful in relieving asthma. Immunity: Echinacea generally gives the immune system a boost to help fend off all kinds of infections. It may have indications in helping patients with HIV/AIDS. Antibiotic, antibacterial. Useful at treating sore nipples and mastitis. Drunk as a tea it is a cure for dispepsia. Echinacea Dosage: As a tincture, 1/2 tsp with water 3 times a day should be taken for chronic infections. As a decoction, gargle with 50 ml 3 times a day for a sore throat. Echinacea capsules may be taken at a dosage of 500 mg, 3 times a day for cold remedy. The tablet form of Echinacea can be taken to strengthen the immune system. Follow the manufacturer's instructions on the label. Herbal Actions
Warnings: Nausea can result in high doses of Echinacea. Consult your health care provider before beginning use
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Other Names: Elfwort, horseheal, scabwort, , Inula helenium Region: Asian
Description: Important TCM and Indian Asian medicinal product. Root used. Also known as yellow starwort, elfdock. Helps reduce coughs and bronchial problems. One of the richest sources of inulin in nature (isomeric with starch). One of the ingredients in absinthe. In Europe it is used in relieving indigestion and breaking up mucous in the body. Found in Europe it was originally one of the herbs used to treat tuberculosis. Currently it is primarily in cough medicine for whooping cough & other upper respiratory conditions. Elecampane is named after Helen of Troy. As the legend goes, she was holding elecampane in her hand when she left to live with Paris in Troy. It was used anciently by the citizens of Rome for culinary purposes as well as medication. Elecampane is native to Europe and parts of Asia, but it is cultivated all over the world. While it’s not used as much in Western herbal medicine as in India, elecampane is an important part of an herbalist toolbox. It was once used mainly as an expectorant and a diuretic that helped to thin mucous and relieve the body of excess water. Now it can be used to help treat lung infections such as bronchitis and pleurisy. It’s also used for other respiratory ailments such as asthma, hay fever, and coughs. It’s typically added to compound medications and used in conjunction with other herbs. Elecampane is also used in Chinese medicine. However, in Chinese medicine it’s used to treat cancers. It can also be used on the skin to heal minor irritations. In the case of facial neuralgia and sciatica, elecampane can also bring relief. For the digestive system, elecampane can help to keep your intestines running smoothly. It’s thought that elecampane helps to keep good bacteria healthy and growing in the intestine. This promotes regularity and helps to keep your digestion flowing properly. In fact, elecampane is so soothing to the digestive system that one study found it helped to reduce nausea in patients undergoing chemotherapy. The next time you’re suffering from a cold or allergies, reach for an herbal medication containing elecampane. It can help to soothe your symptoms and help you to feel better. It can also help you with indigestion and irregularity. Elecampane is a great addition to your cupboard.
Uses: Elecampane can be purchased in powder form. It can also be found in compound medicines in the form of lozenges, syrup, and capsules. One word to the wise, make sure that you follow the manufacturer’s instructions when it comes to elecampane. CLinical research has shown that elecampane contains insulin which can provide some bronchial relief and stimulate the immune system. Herbal Actions
Warnings: Too much can cause a toxic reaction that irritates the skin and the mucous membranes of the body.
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Other Names: Hu Lu Ba, Alhova, Methi, Greek, Tigonella foenum-craecum Region: European
Description: Seeds used. In cultivation since the Bronze Age, fenugreek travelled the world with the cultures that used it and can be found growing wild in many places. Fenugreek was once used by ancient Egyptians to treat burns. It was also used by them to start labor for childbirth. The Greeks used it as well for women's health problems. Today, it's still used all over the world to treat sugar resistance & pre-/diabetes. Now primarily cultivated in southern Europe, northern Africa and India, it is used as a spice, tea, vegetable, forage crop, dye plant, and as a starter material in the production of steroid medications. Research has shown that fenugreek can reduce liver cancer in animals. It can also help to fight diabetes and can cause the uterus to contract. The wide variety of uses for fenugreek make it a fascinating and valued plant. Fenugreek seed can also be used as a remedy for halitosis, or bad breath. Stomach, fortifies nerves, flushes intestines & purifies blood. Excellent in encouraging letdown of mother's milk, may be used to encourage breast enlargement, either by ingesting or rubbing crushed seeds onto the breasts. Also supposed to be good for the reproductive organs. High in Calcium, choline, magnesium, phosphorus. Medium in potassium, sulpher, sodium & iron. alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, mucilage, vitamins A, B, and C. A common ingredient in curry powder, it is used in oriental sauces, soups, stews, the production of imitation flavourings like maple & vanilla, as well as for seasoning and preserving butter. Its importance to us has not lessened over time; in fact, it is growing. Fenugreek has some anti-diabetic and hypocholesterolaemic properties, and is a source of diosgenin, used in the manufacture of synthetic sex hormones. Traditionally considered a valuable addition to livestock feed, Agriculture Canada is currently doing research to determine fenugreek’s potential value as a forage crop in this country.
Uses: Seedlings can be eaten raw as a sprout, or the fresh leaves added to salads to add an interesting somewhat bitter taste. Appetite Stimulant/Muscle Stimulant/Antiseptic Fenugreek is used for a wide variety of ailments. It's particularly important as a muscle stimulant for women's health. Appetite: Fenugreek can be used to help stimulate one's appetite. This is especially important for someone recovering from illness that has suppressed the appetite. Women's Health: Fenugreek is a muscle stimulant that causes the uterus to contract. It induces childbirth and can also stimulate the production of breast milk in nursing mothers. Fenugreek can also be used as a douche to reduce vaginal discharge. In China, fenugreek is used to treat cervical cancer as well. Skin infections: Fenugreek can be applied to the skin to treat infections such as abcesses, ulcers, and boils. It can also be soothing for burns. Digestive System: Fenugreek helps to reduce bloating and stomach ache. It can also help to increase the appetite. It generally helps to improve digestion. Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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Other Names: Lian Qiao, Forsythia suspensa Region: Asian
Description: Chinese medicinal herb. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Treats flu, cold. Boosts immunity to infection, reduces inflammation. Reduces fever. Lowers excessive heat in body.
Uses: Found in tea pills & other Asian medicinals as well as an ingredient in loose & bagged Asian herbal teas. Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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Other Names: Olibanum, Salai guggal, , Boswellia serata, thurifera Region: Ancient_EurAsian
Description: Frankincense is the dried resin of the boswellia tree, which is famous for being able to grow out of solid rock. Primarily used for incense and perfumes, frankincense is edible and is a popular traditional remedy thought to boost memory and stimulate the immune system. Natives of the area where it originates use the incense to repel mosquitoes, protecting themselves from mosquito-borne illness. Voices carry better in air where frankincense has been burned, making it a logical choice for church services. Boswellia is a centuries old herb that helps support the structural health of cartilage. Also called Indian Frankincense; gum resin used for embalming, as a censing agent in worship, funeral rites and to fumigate homes & public places prior to the 4th century; thus the specialized "thurifera" in one the latin names for the herb. Arabia Felix or the spice trade was responsible for trading this dried resin all over the known world. The tree only grows in southern Arabia. Includes the active compounds of: Gum, terpenoids and essential oils from the gum oleoresin. Terpenoids contain boswellic acids, the active constituents in boswellia. In antiquity frankincense was so precious it was worth more than its weight in gold, its production guarded with legend and secrecy. Traded for thousands of years over the Incense Road through the deserts of Africa and Arabia, it is written of in the Song of Solomon and was one of the three gifts the Magi brought to the infant Christ. When Christianity became the religion of the lands west & north of the Ottoman empire; frankincense fell down in demand when simple burials took the place of elaborate cremation ceremonies. Frankincense was mentioned in both the Bible & by the Roman Pliny who suggested that it was an antidote for hemlock. Avicenna recommended it for tumors, ulcers above the shoulders, afflictions in the breasts, carbuncles, boils & pre-gangrenous wounds.
Uses: Anti-inflammatory: Successfully used to relieve swelling associated with Bursitis, Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis. Boswellia is found to be less toxic than medications for most rheumatic problems. Also used to bring blood to the joints and strengthen the weakened blood vessels. As an Inhalant: Boswellia relieves symptoms of Bronchitis when steam from the herb is inhaled. Gummy exudates from boswellia along with other gum resins were written in the ancient medical texts of India. These guggals were used for arthritis, pulmonary disorders, ringworm, dysentery and diarrhea. Boswellia was used for leprosy in China. There is some evidence that the incense is helpful in relieving depression and anxiety. Research is on-going into its effectiveness against inflammatory illnesses and cancer, with positive results. The sweet, rich smell of frankincense has only started to reveal the true scope of its effectiveness. Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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Other Names: Zhi Zi, Cape Jasmine, Gardinia jasminoides Region: Asian
Description: TCM medicinal herb. Also an Anti-Fungal. Reduces fevers. Treats flu, cold, high blood pressure. Boosts immunity to infection, treats hepatitis, reduces inflammation, bruises. Lowers excessive heat in body.
Uses: Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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Garlic, Bai Pi Suan
Other Names: Bai Pi Suan , Allium sativum ophioscordon Region: Asian
Description: Another antibiotic Superfood. Originally a perennial plant, a native of Asia; the bulb is used. Said to be from Xinjiang, the restive Muslim region of western China, otherwise known as Chinese Turkestan. It is a marbled purple stripe variety with excellent rich flavour and medium heat. Helps rebuild intestinal flora. Kills and/or reduces infections caused by microbes or parasites. Normalizes blood pressure, kills yeast & bacterial infections, etc. It dissolves cholesterol & loosens plaque from sides of arteries. High in Quercitin & other compounds that reduce inflammatory reactions. High in Phosphorus, potassium, sulpher & zinc. Anti-allergy. Helps reduce effects of altitude sickness. Studies done show that garlic helps babies to nurse better and can reduce the effects of mastitis in women.
Uses: Used in soups, loose savory tea mixes and found in savory cereals as well as in compound cooked dishes for pregnant and nursing mothers. Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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Other Names: ginger root, Zingibar officinale Region: Asian
Description: One of the oldest known and most widely consumed spices: in the East the fresh roots are prominent in numerous savoury dishes of meat, poultry and fish, while in the West ground dried ginger is a traditional baking and pudding spice. The Chinese have long recognized its potent stimulating and digestive properties; even today it is still the best home remedy for flatulence, nausea nervous diarrhea, indigestion and dysentery. It's also a strong stimulant that can improve circulation. Reduces stomach cramps, flu symptoms, vertigo & motion sickness. Reduces morning sickness. Helps expel gas. Aids in the use of Stomach, intestines, joints, muscles. Heart & blood tonic. High in potassium, maganese & silicon. Other compounds include: gingerol, zingiberene, shogaols. Helps reduce effects of rheumatoid arthritis & ankolysing spondylitis. Root is used; fresh is best. Contains zingibain a kind of proteolytic enzyme that chemically breaks down protein. Clinical studies have shown that proteolytic enzymes have anti-inflammatory properties. Proteolytic enzymes also control auto-immune diseases by reducing blood levels of compounds known as immune complexes, high levels of which activate the immune system to attack the body itself.
Uses: Ginger helps to fight off infections in the digestive tract. As a respiratory helper, ginger helps to warm the chest and can be soothing for someone suffering from cough. It also helps to soothe other symptoms of the cold and flu. It helps to improve circulation in the hands and feet by increasing blood pressure. As a Feberfuge ginger helps to reduce fevers and stimulates sweating. Herbal Actions
Warnings: None.
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